What is the theory behind this Hindsight bias worksheet?
Hindsight bias is the tendency to view events as more predictable than they actually are. No one knows what the future holds, but people tend to overestimate their prediction skills on the events that have already occurred. This cognitive bias can be a cause of mental distress if the person had not made preparation for the event that happened. The person would likely feel guilt and blame themselves for the situation that they had already predicted will happen.
How will the worksheet help?
Since hindsight bias refrains you to look at the broader picture of the event. Rumination is likely to occur. This worksheet will help you to take a step back and judge the situation through the lens of objectivity.
How to use this worksheet?
Answer the questions on the space given below. These questions tend to challenge the guilt that occurs from hindsight bias. practice them when the hindsight bias occurs. Keep the worksheet as a day-to-day reminder.
Hindsight bias worksheet
If you had already predicted the outcome but made a different decision as that time then:
Arkes, H. R., Faust, D., Guilmette, T. J., & Hart, K. (1988). Eliminating the hindsight bias. Journal of Applied Psychology, 73(2), 305–307. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.73.2.305
Williams, C. W., Lees-Haley, P. R., & Brown, R. S. (1993). Human response to traumatic events: An integration of counterfactual thinking, hindsight bias, and attribution theory. Psychological Reports, 72(2), 483–494. https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.19184.108.40.2063
You can download this worksheet here.