Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) is an evidence-based psychosocial intervention designed to treat complex behavioural and psychological symptoms in patients with mild to moderate dementia.

Dementia is the general term used to describe the loss of cognitive functioning -thinking, remembering and reasoning- to an extent that interferes with a person’s daily life and activities.

What Are The Theories Behind This Worksheet?

CST involves a wide range of activities that aim to stimulate one’s thinking and memory.

The approach used in CST is to treat the complex behavioural and psychological symptoms seen in patients with dementia ranging from mood changes, disruptive behaviours, hallucinations, aggression, agitation, sleep disturbance, motor changes, apathy, depression, and memory loss.

The activities selected should be meaningful to the patient and help them enhance their memory, reasoning, and language.

How Will This Worksheet Help You?

CST helps improves the lives of patients living with dementia by improving their confidence, cognition, social interaction, and quality of life.

How Should You Use This Worksheet?

CST requires skilled facilitators to run the program. 

It is usually administered in group sessions, long-term maintenance sessions, individual CST, and exercise-based CST.

This worksheet will require the patients to be in a supportive environment where patients can build new relationships and have a sense of belonging.

Activities chosen should offer a range of multi-sensory experiences.



  1. Carry out activities that can stimulate the patient’s reading or math skills.
  1. Carry out activities aimed to stimulate focus on a particular task.

Example: Word association

  1. Listing different categories that stimulate patients’ memory,
Types of Food CuisineClothesCarsCurrenciesDance
E.g., ItalianJeansToyotaDollarsSalsa
  1. Activities to stimulate the movement of the muscles in fingers, hands and forearms.

Example: Dancing.

  1. Activities that can stimulate thinking through problems to find solutions.

Example: Crosswords.


National Institute on Aging: Basics of Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia. (© 2021). What is Dementia? Symptoms, Types, and Diagnosis. Available at: [Accessed on: October 19, 2022]

Physiopedia. (© 2022). Cognitive Stimulation Therapy. Available at: [Accessed on: October 19, 2022]

You can download this worksheet here.

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